Study Finds No Ties Between Youth Tackle Football, Brain/Behavioral Issues

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News Picture: Study Finds No Ties Between Youth Tackle Football, Brain/Behavioral IssuesBy Denise Mann HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, Jan. 3, 2022 (HealthDay Information)

Many dad and mom wrestle with the choice to let their children play sort out soccer or different contact sports activities as a result of danger of concussions and long-term mind ailments which will happen with repeated head blows.

Now, new research means that head trauma and concussions aren’t linked to issues with reminiscence, consideration, processing velocity or conduct in 9- to 12-year-olds who play soccer for just a few seasons.

“It’s reassuring that we’re not seeing poor outcomes on cognitive or neurocognitive checks in childhood over the course of consecutive years of play, however we won’t quick ahead to see what is going to occur 40 years after childhood contact sport publicity,” mentioned research creator Dr. Sean Rose. He is a pediatric neurologist and co-director of the Complicated Concussion Clinic at Nationwide Youngsters’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.

For the brand new research, researchers tracked 18 soccer gamers for 4 seasons of youth sort out soccer from July 2016 by way of January 2020. Gamers wore helmets with sensors that observe head hits and accomplished a battery of cognitive and behavioral checks earlier than and after every season.

Total, repetitive head blows weren’t related to decrease check scores, however kids with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety and depression did fare worse on these exams.

“We want extra analysis to see if there’s a small subset of youngsters who could also be in danger for poor outcomes from head impacts,” Rose mentioned.

The findings had been revealed Dec. 30 in JAMA Network Open.

Exterior specialists who reviewed the findings had been fast to warning that this small research would not say it is protected to let children play sort out soccer.

“There might not be points within the shorter time period, however the larger query is what occurs long-term,” mentioned Dr. Daniel Daneshvar. He’s an assistant professor at Harvard Medical College and brain injury doctor at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital in Boston.

“This research would not give us any details about whether or not it’s protected to hit children within the head 1,000 or extra occasions a yr over a number of years,” mentioned Daneshvar, who can be director of TeachAids’ Institute for Mind Analysis and Innovation.

The true query is, when do cognitive issues and mind adjustments begin to present up, he mentioned, and longer follow-up is required to reply this.

“The subsequent step can be to observe these people to see how they’re doing 10, 20 or 30 years down the highway,” Daneshvar mentioned.

Chris Nowinski, a former professional wrestler who’s co-founder and CEO of the nonprofit Concussion Legacy Basis in Boston, agreed.

“When you studied kids who smoked at ages 9 to 12 and nobody developed lung cancer, it would not imply that kids ought to smoke,” Nowinski mentioned. “It is too small of a research to attract any conclusions, and this research doesn’t measure the end result of curiosity to folks: persistent traumatic encephalopathy [CTE].”

CTE is a degenerative mind illness related to repeated blows to the pinnacle that is been seen in some former Nationwide Soccer League gamers, together with Frank Gifford, Aaron Hernandez and Andre Waters.

“CTE danger develops over time, and the sooner you begin enjoying, the extra years you’ll be able to play,” Nowinski mentioned.

For this reason the Concussion Legacy Basis strongly recommends delaying enrolling your child in sort out soccer till age 14.

Different methods to make soccer safer for teenagers embody altering the foundations so gamers maintain fewer blows to their heads.

“There ought to be no hitting in apply and no kickoffs,” Nowinski mentioned.

These adjustments had been made on the NFL stage however are a lot tougher to implement in youth sports activities, he mentioned.





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The underside line? “Dad and mom should proceed to make knowledgeable selections primarily based on the present literature, which has instructed a robust affiliation however has but to find out a direct causal relationship between cumulative head impacts and age at first publicity with the long-term growth of neurocognitive and behavioral points,” mentioned Dr. Robert Parisien, an orthopedic sports activities medication surgeon at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York Metropolis.

Extra data

Be taught to acknowledge concussions on the Concussion Legacy Foundation.

SOURCES: Sean Rose, MD, co-director, Complicated Concussion Clinic, Nationwide Youngsters’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; Daniel Daneshvar, MD, PhD, assistant professor, bodily medication and rehabilitation, Harvard Medical College, brain injury doctor, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, and director, TeachAids’ Institute for Mind Analysis and Innovation; Chris Nowinski, PhD, co-founder and CEO, Concussion Legacy Basis, Boston; Robert Parisien, MD, orthopedic sports activities medication surgeon, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York Metropolis; JAMA Community Open, Dec. 30, 2021

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